1. Polyethylene (PE)
This is the most commonly used plastic. The benefits of this type of plastic are that it is chemical resistant and can withstand cold. Examples of products are (e.g.) a jerry can with oil, or an ice cube tray. The disadvantage of Polyethylene (PE) is that it is not very heat resistant.
The company Qbig is partner of Orange Plastics and is specialized in providing sealing mechanisms for a wide range of (bulk) packaging.
2. Polypropylene (PP)
This form of the 7 types of plastic comes from the same family as Polyethylene (PE), but is a lot harder and can withstand heat a lot better. Therefore, it is mainly used for household appliances including hoovers and coffee makers.
3. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) is widely used for enclosures of electronics and medical equipment. The great advantage of ABS is that it is shape resistant, making it widely used for toys such as Lego and interior parts for the automotive industry (dash board). On the other hand, it is poorly chemically resistant but can be chromed as one of the few plastics. Another example is about a case that our profressional team from Orange Plastics recently completed for its customer Desteq.
4. Polyamide (PA)
Well known as nylon. Polyamide (PA) is a very strong type of plastic that is widely used in the manufacture of tools such as drills and engine parts. The material is heat resistant but has the disadvantage to be hygroscopic. This means the Polyamide (PA) material absorbs moisture and expands. To counter this, nylon is often added to fiber optics.
5. Polycarbonate (PC)
Polycarbonate (PC) is an extremely impact resistant and crystal clear material. This material is often used for street lighting and front lights on cars. Another example is protective glasses.
6. Polyoxemethylene (POM)
Polyoxemethylene (POM) has a great self repairing capacity and is therefore often used in applications such as springs. In addition, it is shape retaining and self-lubricating. It is used for zippers in jackets and for gears.
7. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)
And last but not least, Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET). The latter of the 7 types of plastic is mainly used in the production of bottles. A preform can be transformed into any wished bottle shape. It can withstand very high pressure but it is not heat resistant.